Tanzania At A Glance
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Tanzania At A Glance

Welcome to Tanzania Safari Tours. Let’s perceive Tanzania At A Glance to get a better understanding of the country.

Basic Information

  • Official Name: United Republic of Tanzania
  • Location: Eastern Africa, bordering the Indian Ocean, between Mozambique and Kenya.
  • Population: 48.3 million


  • Total Area: 947,300 sq km
  • Land: 886,037 sq km.
  • Water: 59,050 sq km. (including the islands of Mafia, Pemba, and Zanzibar)


  • Total: 3,861 km.
  • Border countries: the Democratic Republic of the Congo 459 km, Kenya 769 km, Rwanda 217 km, Burundi 451 km, Malawi 475 km, Mozambique 756 km, Uganda 396 km, Zambia 338 km.

Time Zone

GMT +3 all year-round. Tanzania maintains a constant 12 hours of daylight. Sunrise is typically 06.30 and sunset at 18.45.

Capital City

  • Administrative capital: Dodoma.
  • Commercial capital: Dar es Salaam.

Largest Cities, With Population

  • Dar es Salaam: 4,364,541
  • Mwanza: 706,543
  • Arusha: 416,442
  • Dodoma: 410,956


  • Official Language: Kiswahili, English
  • Other Languages Spoken: Nilotic languages (Maasai, Datooga, Ngasa, Ogiek, Kisankasa, and Pare), Bantu (Bemba, Safwa, Digo, Hehe, Makonde, Nyamwezi, Yao, and Luguru), and Arabic in Zanzibar.
  • Business Language: English and Swahili

Ethnic make-up

Tanzania has more than 120 ethnic groups.

Mainland - African 99% (95% are Bantu of more than 130 tribes)

Other 1%

Tanzania Climate

Tanzania mostly experiences a tropical climate due to such close proximity to the equator. Generally, October to February is the warmest time of the year and the coolest is from June to October.

Tanzania has two rainy seasons;

  • October to November: small rains, and
  • March to May: Longer rains.


The average temperature ranges less than five degrees throughout the year. However, in some places in the interior, the temperature can be as high as 40°C. The coastal area and the islands of Zanzibar are warmer with temperatures between 22 and 30°C and humidity between 75 and 80% almost year-round. In mountainous areas, including Mt. Kilimanjaro, the northern and southern highlands, and the Usambara Mountains, the temperature gets below 12°C with regular frost during May-August.


  • Domestic Currency: Tanzanian Shilling
  • ISO Code: TZSTo

The Tanzania shilling, Tsh, or TZS is divided into 100 cents.

Currency Exchange

Most hotels and all airports offer forex facilities. But it is wiser to compare the rates and commissions before exchanging money.


  • Banking hours: Monday - Friday 8.30 am - 3.00 pm, Saturdays 8.30 am - 1.30 pm.
  • A few branches in the major towns are open until 4.00 pm.

ATMs & Credit cards

Only major lodges, hotels, and travel agents accept credit cards (Access, MasterCard, Visa, American -Express, and Euro card).

ATM and 24-hour cash machines are available in most of the major cities.

Travelers’ cheques

Cheques of pounds sterling or US dollars are recommended. Mind you it might be difficult to exchange them outside the main cities.


Tipping is widely appreciated. But bear in mind, most hotels and restaurants include a 10% service charge.

Tanzania Entry Requirements

  • Up to date and valid Passport
  • Three-month single-entry tourist visas (can be issued from embassy, airports, or border posts)


All in all, Tanzania is a very safe country to travel to. The locals are warm-hearted and generous people and are always eager to help. Tanzania is a multi-democratic country and is politically stable.

Tanzania Safari; Do's and don'ts

It is an offense to:

  • deface a Tanzanian banknote;
  • urinate in public;
  • sunbath topless;
  • hire a prostitute;
  • buy or take drugs;
  • remove wildlife products from Tanzania,
  • Export products made from elephant, rhino, or sea turtle derivatives, or to remove coral.
  • Swearing and blasphemy are inadvisable.

For more information about Tanzania Safaris and information regarding travel insurance or any other necessary details, visit Gazelle Safaris Africa today.

Tanzania Safari

Quick Facts About Tanzania

Let’s Start Designing Your Holiday

All our holidays are uniquely designed for each of our clients. That’s because we can take you anywhere in Africa and create any experience you’d like. We’re not limited by fixed destinations, itineraries or hotels and we won’t restrict you by date or budget. Instead, you can dream big or small, and think far and wide or closer to home. Call us to start planning your personally tailored Safari holiday today.

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Tanzania Safari

Tanzania Travel Guide

Tanzania Safari

Frequently Asked Questions

Yes. Tanzania is a safe country. Incidents with wildlife are extremely rare on safaris. So, as long as you follow the rules and guidelines set out by park staff and your guide you will be safe.

The dry season of June to October is the Best Time For Tanzania Safari.

There is no set price for a safari in Tanzania. The cost varies widely depending on several factors. Overall, the cost of a Tanzania Safari can start from a minimum of 300$ and can range up to 1500$ depending upon your itinerary and accommodations.

Tanzania is larger and offers more affordable safaris than Kenya. However, Kenya has better travel infrastructure. But nothing can beat the Serengeti wildebeest migration.

You need at least four days to enjoy what Serengeti Park has to offer. The Serengeti national park is huge. So, four days will give you eight-game drives. Which will be sufficient to cover a large portion of the Park and view a large variety of wildlife.

Yes, you can! We allow self-drive safaris into the Serengeti but only with a Land Cruiser.

August to September is the best time to witness wildebeest river crossings in northern Serengeti. After the ‘short rains’ fall in November and December, the migration moves from Kenya's Maasai Mara down through the eastern side of Tanzania's Serengeti. The months of August, September, and October are the best time to see the great wildebeest migration in Masai Mara. After the long rains in April- May, the migration starts moving from the depleted southern plains north to the long grass plains in the western corridor.

There are various hotels to stay in during the Tanzania Safari. However, Tanzania safari is best experienced from our tented camps. We offer a variety of budget to high-end luxury camping safaris.

Tanzania Safari

Tanzania Safari Itineraries

11 Days The Gem Of Africa Safari

Nairobi | Masai Mara Game Reserve | Lake Naivasha | Aberdares National Park | Lake Nakuru |

Kenya Wildlife Safari

11 Days From $ 3277

4 Days Livingstone Adventure Experience

Victoria Falls | Livingstone | Chobe National Park

Zambia Tour

4 Days On Request
Gorillas & Golden Monkeys

4 Days Rwanda Gorillas & Golden Monkeys Safari

Kigali | Franco-Rwanda cultural Centre | Sabyinyo Silverback Lodge

Rwanda Gorilla Safaris

4 Days From $ 2,470

6 Days Livingstone And Lower Zambezi Tour

Victoria Falls | Mosi-oa-Tunya | Sausage Tree Camp | Lower Zambezi National Park

Zambia Tour

6 Days On Request
Cape Town

7 Days 6 Nights Cape Town & Johannesburg

Table Mountain Cable Way | Ameera Yacht | Cape Point | Funicular Train Ride | Seal Island

South Africa Luxury Safari

7 Days From $ 1037

7 Days Botswana And Victoria Falls Adventure Tour

Okavango Delta | Chobe National Park | Victoria Falls

Zambia Tour

7 Days On Request

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